Manufacturing Dissent Since 1996
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Between grassroots economic ventures and Black wealth.


We read these stories of self-determination and say 'Oh there's hope! We have these grassroots movements, we have these co-ops happening' and it feels good to us. But we don't really understand the struggles these organizations are going through because they still don't have the resources they need. It's really a survival mechanism. Within an industry that's worth hundreds of billions of dollars, why aren't these organizations also thriving?

Writer Zenobia Jeffries Warfield explains why grassroots economics don't necessarily generate wealth in impoverished Black and Brown communities - while cooperatives and community farms deliver jobs, goods and income to the poor, overthrowing the financial and legal structures of racism requires policy changes beyond the local level.

Zenobia wrote the article Why Co-ops and Community Farms Can’t Close the Racial Wealth Gap for Yes!

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Zenobia Jeffries Warfield

Zenobia Jeffries Warfield is a writer and the Racial Justice Associate Editor at Yes! Magazine.


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